29 Mar Leveraging AI for Efficient Cloud management
Leveraging AI for Efficient Cloud management
Cloud computing and AI are two of the most in-demand technologies and are our tickets to the future. Digital assistants like Siri, Google Home, and Alexa have cloud and AI seamlessly working together to improve everyday life. Cloud is more than on-demand storage and computing resource provider and AI powers cloud solutions to be more efficient. The breakthroughs in AI have made some innovative changes in how businesses work, optimized workflows and performance, drawing insights from data, and improved user experience on the cloud.
On the other hand, AI requires massive computing power, talent, access to huge data sets, and resources which makes it difficult for smaller companies to afford. Cloud computing helps AI to be more accessible to everyone. So, AI and cloud power each other. Let us look at how you can use AI for cloud management and benefit your business.
Do you know that by 2025, half of the data in the world (100 zettabytes) will be stored on the cloud? Companies are adopting cloud at a very fast rate, and it includes public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud, and multi-cloud models.
Though cloud adoption can spearhead innovation for enterprises, it comes with its own challenges. Three of the most important concerns and challenges with cloud are security (83 percent), managing cloud computing spending (82 percent), and governance (79 percent). Almost 30 percent of the cloud budget goes to waste.
In the initial stage of cloud adoption, it is easier to control, but as companies adopt cloud across the departments, cloud inefficiencies start to crop up. It includes capacity management such as reserved instances or savings plans, visibility and cloud consumption monitoring, and wasting resources like idle compute and unused data.
DevOps cannot anticipate the workloads because of high demands in terms of deadlines and releases which can also result in overprovisioning resources. But AI can help you to manage these.
Managing cloud inefficiencies with AI
AI can manage cloud inefficiencies through intelligent resource provisioning, reducing cloud spending, and optimizing performance. Automation is one of the best ways to avoid human errors and how AI benefits the cloud. Cloud-native solutions like Kubernetes are ideal for automation as they have strict rules. Cloud automation is a set of tools that can reduce manual efforts and error-proof the cloud by provisioning, scaling, managing, and monitoring cloud workloads. But AI can do more such as:
It is difficult or close to impossible for engineers to monitor your cloud round the clock without losing accuracy. But with AI algorithms, you can monitor and analyze your cloud accurately and efficiently 24X7. In this way, the cloud can measure its usage in real-time and ensure that it is working at optimal capacity.
Automated scaling of cloud resources
The cloud environment is always fluctuating and changes in demands are not always predictable. It is difficult for humans to react to these changes while AI can do this instantly. AI can monitor and analyze the resources and can provision resources and adjust them in real-time. With the help of AI, you can generate new instances or eliminate instances as needed.
Cutting down on cloud waste
Some of the greatest challenges of cloud computing are overprovisioning, orphaned instances, and shadow IT projects with no resources accounted for. These “zombie” instances and infrastructure are still activated and billed for. With the help of AI, you can automate, your cloud environment to monitor and analyze for these and take appropriate action and prevent cloud waste and avoid massive cloud bills.
EBS or electronic block storage is very complex to manage manually. There can be unused volumes, or you may be paying for higher performance than you need. AI can ensure optimal disk utilization by identifying unused EBS, predicting usage trends, and automatically merging or detaching volumes.
Predictive intelligence and forecasting
One of the greatest benefits of using AI is that it can analyze the cloud’s historical data and behavior to project spikes in traffic or infrastructure growth requirements. Machine learning models can learn from huge data sets and forecast the requirements accurately.
Automating Infrastructure as Code
IT infrastructure is defined in configuration files and launched automatically in line with that configuration during deployments to keep the environment intact. To keep the operational environment optimal, it needs to be handled like source code, managed, developed, tested and version controlled. By automating IaC, the automation processes can define common configuration items (virtual machines or VPNs), load application components and services into these configuration items, and assemble them to create the optimal operational environment.
Advantages of using AI for cloud management
Be it data, security, cost, or performance, AI can help optimize the metrics that define optimal cloud usage for you. Many companies opt for multi-cloud environments and with the right AI models in place, you can integrate and use the resources to optimize the performance of the cloud.
Some of the ways in which AI can benefit the cloud are:
According to Gartner, companies that are unaware of the mistakes made in their cloud adoption will overspend by 20 to 50 percent.
Autoscaling, unused resources, and dynamic provisioning can be a challenge for cloud finances and strain the cloud budget. But AI and ML can help you bring down the costs by intelligent automation.
For example, by using AI Ops, you can automate the power cycle of development instances to turn them off on the weekend. Another way is to use cloud-specific AI tools like AWS Lambda to automate purchasing process of Amazon EC2 Reserved Instances.
Collecting, cataloging, and managing data that is generated by businesses is a great challenge. AI tools are being used in specific aspects of data processing. These help in streamlining the processes in which data is ingested, updated, and managed to provide the users with accurate and real-time information.
AI tools can also help in anomaly detection and find fraudulent activities and identify risks. These can have a great impact on industrial sectors like banking, marketing, insurance, customer service, and supply chain management.
AI is used to automate repetitive tasks and streamline workloads within a cloud environment which in turn increases productivity. The future of the cloud involves AI tools that monitor, manage and auto-correct without human intervention. The growing analytical capabilities of AI will efficiently run routine operations while the IT team focuses on more strategic tasks boosting value.
Do you know that in 88 percent of cloud breaches, human error is the cause and not cloud providers? Some of the most pressing cloud security challenges include misconfiguration of the cloud infrastructure, unauthorized access, insecure API, hijacking accounts, services, or traffic, and external data sharing. AI can help in 24×7 monitoring and identifying loopholes, security risks and flag them on time.
With AI, companies can ensure that every cloud resource is provisioned with the right security compliance configuration meeting the regulatory requirements such as PCI-DSS, GDPR, ISO 27001, and HIPAA.
With AI Ops, companies can use the real-time configuration management data from cloud providers and reduce the business risks by staying compliant. If compliance requirements are not met, it can issue instant alerts to provisioners and even take actions like shutting down machines.
How is AI transforming the cloud?
Industry giants like Microsoft, Google, and Amazon have all their cloud managed services deeply rooted in AI. Cloud has an underlying layer of AI seamlessly running in the background to optimize its performance and also has various AI services to optimize business. Let us take a look at how the fusion of AI and cloud has transformed the cloud.
AI- SaaS Integration
AI in SaaS has been a paradigm-shifting phenomenon. SaaS has leveraged AI for drawing actionable data insights and improved decision making, providing hyper-personalized user experience and much more.
Some of the best examples of AI-SaaS are
- Einstein AI from the customer relationship management tool Salesforce. It processes an overwhelming amount of data to identify patterns in customer interactions and improve sales strategies
- Another example is the AI-enabled text editor Grammarly which incorporates deep learning and natural language processing to provide real-time language and grammar recommendations to users.
Big data analytics
Deep learning algorithm requires large quantities of data and as the complexity of data increases, the better the algorithms become. Cloud has half of the data in the world on it and a tremendous amount of structured and unstructured data are generated every minute. This big data is a mine of knowledge and AI, and ML algorithms can analyse these data to identify patterns and make predictions.
Integrating AI to the cloud provides more processing power to big data analytics and can help provide insights into complex decision making processes. This can help to eventually streamline delivery services, make accurate predictions, forecast stock portfolios, and make investments wisely.
AI PaaS allows teams to build AI applications without the heavy expense of purchasing, managing, and maintaining the required computing power, storage capabilities, and networking.
The pre-trained machine learning and deep learning models in AI PaaS let developers customize or use as-is APIs for integrating specific capabilities such as speech recognition or speech-to-text conversion when building new applications.
Azure ML studio, Amazon Sagemaker, IBM Watson studio, Dataiku, etc. are some of the AI PaaS providers.
Companies use the principle of hyper-automation to rapidly identify, vet, and automate as many IT processes as possible. It uses intelligence and analytics to scale the automation capabilities and processes of the organization.
The future of AI and Cloud Computing
AI as a Service
AI algorithm requires huge processing power, GPUs and access to large data sets. The integration of AI and cloud is a game-changer and helped businesses overcome the cost barrier making AI more accessible. With AI as a Service (AIaaS) platforms, small businesses can utilize AI by paying monthly costs and scaling up as they need.
The AI services will be able to provide accurate insights into their data, conduct analysis and make decisions without human intervention and deploy processes that add value to the user.
AI and ML algorithms have made dynamic tooling possible which helps in enabling automated alert diagnostic and remediation which can save hours after deployment in handling errors.
AI and ML can be used to automate areas of operations. Some of the benefits of AI Ops are,
- Automated deployments with cluster management and auto-healing tooling.
- Better application performance management to find what, why, and how.
- Efficient log management by live streaming logs and automatic anomaly detection based on the application technology stack.
- Speed up incident management by suppressing noise from different alert systems thereby allowing engineers to find root cause faster.
Cognitive computing combines data mining and analytics, pattern recognition, and natural language processing to create artificial neural networks to imitate the working of the brain. There is a surge in applications that has cognitive capabilities like computer vision, speech, translation, emotion detection, and knowledge mapping. With cognitive computing APIs, we do not have to write code from scratch.
Cognitive computing help make complex decisions when answers are ambiguous. The future of cognitive computing involves real-time language translation, emotion detection for better customer service and even redirecting traffic based on real-time GPS data.
Conversational assistants are one of the most important breakthroughs in AI that is saving a lot of money and manual effort. The conversational bots of today can answer questions and direct calls to the right representatives.
Nuvento’s FNOL chatbot and NuBot AI voice-enabled chatbots can simplify insurance processing and make it easier for both users and agents by assisting them.
With advancements in AI and cloud computing, these bots are getting better at deciphering the nuances of language and providing more accurate responses. The future voice assistants will have natural language understanding capabilities.
Internet of Things (IoT)
Smart machines have already begun to take over our everyday lives. From our smartwatches and appliances to self-driving cars, AI and the cloud are already connecting and managing the smart devices and the tremendous amount of data generated by them.
The AI algorithms are going to get better and become capable of making decisions on their own.
Business intelligence provides insights into the past, present, and future data and the cloud is a large repository of data which makes it an ideal platform for BI applications. Integrating AI helps to strategically use BI budgets, governance of real-time data, automate decision making, and lets applications to adopt changing business requirements as the business evolves.
Using AI in cloud management can make cloud cost-efficient, high-performing, and resilient. Cloud and AI have multiplied each other’s capabilities and evolved over time. Cloud’s flexibility, agility, and scalability can power the massive intelligence of AI while AI can help in the strategic decision-making for businesses and upkeep of cloud. Though using AI in the cloud has challenges like data privacy, integration, and connectivity, AI tools help you use the cloud diligently. The future is co-creation and innovation of AI and cloud computing to build a self-sustaining cloud with AI while democratizing AI services. With Nuvento’s cloud consulting services, we help businesses reap the full benefit of AI on the cloud.